Pakistan is the country of many opportunities. It has many natural resources and organic products to offer to the other countries. The major exports of Pakistan include meat, wool, hair, poultry, livestock, animal bone, casings, waste, and its products. The livestock sector of the country creates very good export opportunities for livestock and its products. For the export purposes, all the live animals have to pass through the quarantine process for a certain period. The export of livestock from Pakistan has great potential, as many countries that lack livestock and its products import from other countries.
What are the business opportunities for the livestock sector in Pakistan?
The demand for livestock is increasing day by day due to the increasing population and need of the countries. Following are the major business opportunities related to livestock in Pakistan.
- The increased demand for by-products, skin, bones, etc in other countries creates great opportunities.
- The increase in consumption of the livestock inside and outside of the country.
- The replication of production and processing of livestock from the developed countries.
Also Read: Step by Step Procedure of Import and Export
Export of Livestock from Pakistan
Export of livestock means to sell livestock to other countries. Exporting livestock is a complex procedure, and it includes the exchange and filling of many documents from both importing and exporting country. In order to trade, there are certain rules and regulations set by the WTO (World Trade Organization) for foreign trade.
Live animal export is only allowed after getting the NOC from the Ministry of Livestock Government of Pakistan. All animals pass through quarantine, in this process, a quarantine officer performs a test and completely examines the animal for any disease before exporting to other countries.
Major Markets for Export of Livestock from Pakistan
The Middle East and South-East Asia are the major export markets of livestock. Both the regions lack livestock products and depend on other countries for that. Russia, China, South Africa, Egypt, Indonesia, and Hong Kong have a great potential export of meat and meat products.
Rules and Regulations for Export of Livestock and its Products
Following are the rules and regulations for the export of livestock and its products.
- Export of live animal’s needs secret agent from M/O livestock, however, the supply of constant is suspended since twelve April 2004.
- Export of hatching eggs, live poultry, dairy farm products etc. from Pakistan is subject to satisfying animal health needs of importing and exporting countries.
- Export of meat is approved from slaughterhouses established within the private sector registered with Animal Quarantine Department of Ministry of livestock and competent departments of importing countries.
- The import and export of livestock and livestock product are regulated by Pakistan Animal Quarantine (Import and Export of Animal and Animal Products) Act, 1979 and Rules 1980.
- Import of livestock is subject to satisfying animal health needs of Quarantine Departments of importing or exporting countries. Exporting country submit specimen health certificate to Ministry of livestock for vetting before commencing export.
- The slaughtering of animals is regulated by Animal Slaughter management Act 1963 and Rules 1965 Union Council (Slaughterhouse Rules, 1961, Bye-laws for Regulation of Public building, 1980).
- Livestock health is monitored by Animal Contagious Diseases Act 1948. The livestock product quality is being regulated by Pure Food Ordinance 1960, Rule, Rules 1965 and Agricultural turn out (Grading and Marketing) Act 1972.
- Livestock conservation is regulated by conservation (restriction on slaughter) of helpful Animals Act, 1956 whereas livestock breeding is being regulated by livestock breeding schemes, 1960. The livestock protection is regulated by hindrance of cruelty to animal rules, 1961 and Ordinance 1981. Livestock nutrients are being regulated by animal compound feeding Act 1974.
What are the Procedure and Documentation Required for Export of Livestock from Pakistan
Following are the procedure and documentation required for the export of livestock from Pakistan.
- Commercial Invoice
- Packing list
- Form V18
- Form V19
- Certificate of origin
- Health certificate of the animal and its products, issued by the Quarantine Officer under the Pakistan Quarantine Rules, 1980.
- Signed Contract between importer and exporter.
Signing of the Export Contract
When both parties agree on the quantity and price of the product, then the contract is signed for the delivery of livestock which binds the importer and exporter. The contract is a document, which contains the following details:
- Name of the exporter of livestock
- Name of the importer of livestock
- Breed of the livestock
- Total quantity
- Agreed price
- Terms of delivery (C&F, FOB, CIF, etc)
- Terms of payment
Terms of Payment
The payment terms can be of two types; direct fund transfer or the letter of credit (LC). Direct fund transfer means that the transfer of the funds without any credit facility, this fund transfer could be before or after the shipment of goods. The other mode of the payment is LC (Letter of Credit) in this method importer’s bank provides a ‘letter of credit’ which confirms the exporter to pay as long as they met the delivery terms.